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    Where Do Doughnuts Come From?

    We look into the origins of our favorite pastry and other foods.
    Eggs Benedict
    According to legend, Lemuel Benedict, a fashionable Wall Street stockbroker, ordered a few items from the Waldorf Hotel menu to create this concoction. He hoped it would help ease his hangover.
    Brownie
    The story goes that this American philanthropist asked her kitchen staff to concoct a portable dessert that could be served at the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
    Instant ramen
    By his own account, Momofuku Ando invented instant ramen to alleviate food shortages in Japan after World War II.
    Caesar salad
    Contrary to popular belief, Caesar salad did not originate with this Roman ruler. It is believed to have been invented by an Italian immigrant in Tijuana, Mexico.
    Sandwich
    According to one account, this earl requested that a servant bring him a piece of meat, stuffed between two slices of toast, so he could eat without interrupting a game of poker.
    Doughnuts and more
    Records date doughnuts back to the mid-19th century, when the Dutch were making olykoeks or oily cakes, balls of cake fried in pork fat. Read more about their creation and other favorite foods.

    Turning Day into Night

    May 18 marks the 41st anniversary of the eruption of Mount St. Helens, the most destructive in U.S. history. The massive explosion was 500 times the force of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. It set off a string of events—including an avalanche, mudflows, and floods—and 57 people and thousands of animals died. In addition, some 200 square miles of trees were destroyed, and the ash caused darkness as far as 250 miles away.
    What Caused the Eruption?
    article / Geography & Travel
    ? Getty Images
    The Largest Eruption Ever?
    article / Geography & Travel
    NASA/JSC
    What Is Lava?
    article / Science
    USGS

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    Botanize!, hosted by Melissa Petruzzello, is a podcast that will introduce you to some of the world’s most remarkable plants, fungi, and algae. These overlooked organisms have fascinating evolutionary stories to tell about survival, exploitation, adaptation, and general scrappiness, and every episode will pique your curiosity. From parasitic plants to kelp forests, Botanize! aims to showcase some of Earth’s finest nonanimal life-forms and their brilliant ecologies.
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    Hear the stories that propelled us to the present day through insights that lend perspective to our world with a nod to our own humanity. Britannica media editor Kurt Heintz, together with Emily Goldstein and Meg Matthias, is on a mission to spotlight poignant and noteworthy events for every day of the year.

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    Atomic bomb over the Japanese port of Nagasaki. The smoke rises more than 60,000 feet into the air. Second atomic bomb ever used in warfare, dropped on Nagasaki's industrial center August 8, 1945 from a United States B-29.
    Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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    Geography & Travel Geography & Travel
    Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
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    The study of the human mind and body, how these function, and how they interact—not only with each other but also with their environment—has been of utmost importance in ensuring human well-being. Research on potential treatments and preventive medicine has expanded greatly with the development of modern medicine, and a network of disciplines, including such fields as genetics, psychology, and nutrition, aims to facilitate the betterment of our health.
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    It's easy enough to agree that human beings all around the world have certain basic requirements that must be fulfilled in order to ensure their individual and collective well-being. History has shown us, however, that it's not so easy to form societies or communities that fulfill these requirements for all members. The fight over human and civil rights has persisted for hundreds of years and remains alive today, both within the borders of nations and on an international scale. It has led to large-scale social movements and reforms concerning issues such as suffrage, slavery, women's rights, racial discrimination, environmentalism, gay rights, and more.
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    Does history really repeat itself, or can we learn from the mistakes of those who came before us? History provides a chronological, statistical, and cultural record of the events, people, and movements that have made an impact on humankind and the world at large throughout the ages. Investigating the causes and results of past events is critically important in gaining a full understanding and perspective of present-day issues.
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