• You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.

    Philosophy & Religion

    Humans have long pondered not only how we came to be but also why we came to be. The earliest Greek philosophers focused their attention upon the origin and nature of the physical world; later philosophers have theorized about the nature of knowledge, truth, good and evil, love, friendship, and much more. Thus, philosophy involves a methodical assessment of any and all aspects of human existence and experience. The realms of philosophy and religion have sometimes intersected in conducting inquiries such as these. As with philosophy, the study of religion underscores how humankind has long speculated about its origins. The possibility of a higher being (or beings) to which livings things owe their existence has long captived human thought. Many religions also offer their own views on the nature of good and evil, and they may prescribe guidelines and judgment on different kinds of human behavior.
    Browse Subcategories

    Featured content, April 12, 2021

    Philosophers to Know, Part I
    Five of the most important thinkers in the history of Western philosophy.
    List / Philosophy & Religion
    Aristotle (384-322 BC), Ancient Greek philosopher and scientist. One of the most influential philosophers in the history of Western thought, Aristotle established the foundations for the modern scientific method of enquiry. Statue
    Is Occam’s Razor Always True?
    Occam’s razor states that, when everything else is accounted for, simplicity is always better—but are things ever that simple?
    Companion / Philosophy & Religion
    William of Ockham, circa 1280 - 10.4.1349, English theologist and philosopher, portrait, later portrayal,
    Who Wrote the King James Bible?
    The King James Version is probably the most well-known version of “The Good Book,” but who exactly wrote it?
    Demystified / Philosophy & Religion
    King James Version (KJV). Holy Bible Giant Print References Concordance Red Letter. King James Version (KJV) King James Bible Holy Bible Antique Christianity Church Gospel old book Religion religious Spirituality Homepage blog 2011 arts and entertainment
    Philosophy of mind
    Philosophy of mind, reflection on the nature of mental phenomena and especially on the relation of the mind to the body and...
    Encyclopedia / Philosophy & Religion
    Max Weber

    Philosophy & Religion Quizzes

    Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta (Kolkata), India. Roman Catholic nun, at the World Conference of the International Women's Year in Mexico City in 1975
    History of Roman Catholicism Quiz
    The Roman Catholic Church has a history that stretches over millennia. This quiz will take you considerably less time.
    Holy week. Easter. Valladolid. Procession of Nazarenos carry a cross during the Semana Santa (Holy week before Easter) in Valladolid, Spain. Good Friday
    History of Christianity Quiz
    Who is the patron saint of Scotland? Which movement in Christianity sought to establish clerical celibacy? Test what you...
    People lighting traditional earthen lamps during the Hindu festival Diwali in India. flame
    All About Diwali Quiz
    Billions of people worldwide celebrate Diwali, a multi-day festival that marks the beginning of the Hindu New Year and much...
    Ufo, alien, space over trees.
    Don’t Drink the Punch Quiz
    And by punch, we mean any fruit drink with nefarious intentions. Test your knowledge of all the doomsday prophets and cult...
    A child wearing a sheet for a Halloween ghost costume. Holiday Trick-or-treat
    Ghosts: Fact or Fiction?
    Eek, a ghost! Or is that a ghost bat? Or a word game? Test your knowledge of all kinds of ghosts with this true or false...
    Judaism - Hanukkah. Jewish family lighting a candle on a menorah. Also called Festival of Lights or Feast of Lights.
    Happy Hanukkah Quiz
    How many days is Hanukkah celebrated? How many candles are on the menorah? See how much you know about Hanukkah with this...
    Child sitting near Christmas tree at night at home reading
    “Oh, Christmas Tree!” Quiz
    “Oh, Christmas tree, Oh Christmas tree, how did you come to be?” See how much you know about the origin of the Christmas...
    Santa Claus reading the list, Christmas, north pole
    Jolly Old St. Nicholas Quiz
    You probably know that the legend of Santa Claus evolved from St. Nicholas. But who is this saint, anyway?
    Greek Orthodox Epiphany ceremony processes to the River Jordan, celebrating Jesus Christ's baptism in the Jordan River, 1937. Christian church festival celebrated on January 6. The Three Magi, The Three Kings, The Three Wise Men
    The Meaning of Epiphany Quiz
    When is Epiphany celebrated in the Eastern Orthodox Church? In the West? What does Epiphany celebrate, anyway? Answer these...
    Aphrodite. Greek mythology. Sculpture. Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty.
    Ancient Gods and Monsters Quiz 
    Who is Quetzalcóatl’s dog-headed companion? Who are the group of maidens who serve the god Odin? Test your knowledge....
    Image Gallery
    Philosophy & Religion
    Never Miss a Day in History
    Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers delivered right to your inbox.

    Philosophy & Religion Subcategories

    Romulus and Remus suckling their wolf foster mother Ancient Religions & Mythology
    What did our ancestors believe in? What myths and stories did they use to explain the world around them and find meaning in it? How have their beliefs influenced modern religion and spirituality? Explore these questions and more while discovering notable traditions, figures, and legends that figured prominently in ancient religion and mythology.
    Articles
    subcategory placeholder Ethical Issues
    What moral precepts guide us through tricky situations that may arise in relation to friendships, family, communities, and the work environment? Right and wrong are not always defined in the same way across different cultures.
    Articles
    Roger Bacon Humanities
    The study of humankind with an appreciation of human values and the unique ability of the human spirit to express itself.
    Articles
    Voltaire Philosophers
    Here you'll find the thinkers and theorists who have expressed their own ideas about such topics as the nature of humankind's relationship with the metaphysical world, the definitions of truth and knowledge, and the conditions of existence. From ancient Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle to later notable philosophers such as René Descartes and Immanuel Kant, philosophy's great thinkers have approached sensitive ethical and existential issues from a variety of different angles. Their ideas have influenced the way we look at our world and the way we relate to one another as human beings.
    Articles
    Cicero Philosophical Issues
    Are you ready to delve into the myriad possible answers to such complex questions as "What makes an action virtuous?" or "What is the nature of consciousness?" Do you embrace weighty topics such as the relative merits of empiricism and rationalism? An inquisitive spirit is all but a prerequisite for many of the topics listed here, which deal with the different approaches to and ideas about the big questions of life.
    Articles
    Abu Darweesh Mosque Religious Beliefs
    Our religious beliefs, such as they are, can affect our lifestyle, our perceptions, and the manner in which we relate to fellow human beings. Is there a higher power (or powers) that governs the universe and judges all of us? Can committing a mortal sin mean the death of a soul, or is there a chance for forgiveness? The answers to such questions differ widely across different religions.
    Articles
    Martin Luther Religious Personages & Scholars
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    St. Bernadette of Lourdes Religious Places
    Human beings tend to relate to their religious beliefs through symbolism. Religious and sacred places—common destinations for pilgrims—represent a physical connection that helps believers express their devotion.
    Articles
    Mahalia Jackson Sacred Art & Music
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Chapter 49 of the Isaiah Scroll from the Dead Sea Scrolls; in the Shrine of the Book, D. Samuel and Jeane H. Gottesman Centre for Biblical Manuscripts, the Israel Museum, Jerusalem. Scriptures
    Sacred scriptures of all religions, viewed as the word of God or inspired by God, have influenced the moral and ethical standards of countries, peoples, and religious groups. Their interpretation has always been a subject of discussion and, at times, controversy.
    Articles
    Charles Sprague Pearce: Religion Spirituality
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Articles
    Grab a copy of our NEW encyclopedia for Kids!
    Learn More!
    天天看片