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    Philosophy & Religion

    Humans have long pondered not only how we came to be but also why we came to be. The earliest Greek philosophers focused their attention upon the origin and nature of the physical world; later philosophers have theorized about the nature of knowledge, truth, good and evil, love, friendship, and much more. Thus, philosophy involves a methodical assessment of any and all aspects of human existence and experience. The realms of philosophy and religion have sometimes intersected in conducting inquiries such as these. As with philosophy, the study of religion underscores how humankind has long speculated about its origins. The possibility of a higher being (or beings) to which livings things owe their existence has long captived human thought. Many religions also offer their own views on the nature of good and evil, and they may prescribe guidelines and judgment on different kinds of human behavior.
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    Featured content, July 29, 2021

    Brain Games: 8 Philosophical Puzzles and Paradoxes
    Dust off your thinking cap.
    List / Philosophy & Religion
    Casino. Gambling. Slots. Slot machine. Luck. Rich. Neon. Hit the Jackpot neon sign lights up casino window.
    Why Is Christmas in December?
    No one knows when Jesus was born, so why celebrate his birth on December 25?
    Demystified / Philosophy & Religion
    Nativity Scene, Adoration of the Magi, Church of the Birth of the Virgin Mary, Montenegro
    Is Occam’s Razor Valid?
    Occam’s razor states that, when everything else is accounted for, explanations with fewer components are always better—but...
    Companion / Philosophy & Religion
    William of Ockham, circa 1280 - 10.4.1349, English theologist and philosopher, portrait, later portrayal,
    Christianity, major religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth (the Christ, or the Anointed...
    Encyclopedia / Philosophy & Religion
    mosaic; Christianity

    Philosophy & Religion Quizzes

    David Hume in the background St. Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland. Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, known especially for his philosophical empiricism and skepticism.
    What’s In a Name? Philosopher Edition
    Philosophers are often referred to by their surnames only. Do you remember the given names of these famous philosophers?
    Ramadan. Little boy with sparklers. During the holy month of Ramadan Muslims break their fast each evening with prayer followed by festive nighttime meals called iftars. Islam
    Holidays and Festivals: Which Religion?
    You may know your own religion’s traditions, but do you know who celebrates these holidays and festivals?
    Holy week. Easter. Valladolid. Procession of Nazarenos carry a cross during the Semana Santa (Holy week before Easter) in Valladolid, Spain. Good Friday
    Christianity Quiz
    What country was the first to adopt Christianity as its national religion? What is the Parousia? Test your knowledge of Christianity...
    Statue of Confucius in Beijing, China
    How much do you know about the teachings of Confucius? Test your knowledge with this quiz.
    Saint Thomas Aquinas. Apotheosis of St. Thomas Aquinas, altarpiece by Francesco Traini, 1363; in Santa Caterina, Pisa, Italy. St. Thomas Aquinas (c1225-1274) Italian philosopher and theologian. Dominican order of monks (black friars).
    We can’t promise you a sainthood, but improve your saintly knowledge with this quiz.
    Diwali holiday lamps or candles, India.  (Indian holiday, oil lamp, flame,  candle, fire)
    Hinduism is one of the most popular religions on Earth. How much do you know about its philosophy, belief, and ritual? Test...
    indonesia bee country map
    How much do you know about the Prophet Muhammad? How about holy cities? Test your knowledge of Islam with this quiz.
    Plant. Flower. Nymphaea. Water lily. Lotus. Aquatic plant. Close-up of three pink water lilies.
    Plants with Religious Meaning
    Test your knowledge of sacred plants with this quiz.
    Christmas tree, holiday, pine
    How To Celebrate Christmas Quiz
    Okay, so you know how you celebrate Christmas. But what about everyone else? Take this quiz and find out how Christmas...
    Hypatia. Hypatia (b. c355-415) Egyptian Neoplatonist philosopher who was the first notable woman in mathematics. She was murdered by followers of Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria.
    Odd Facts About Philosophers
    Who says philosophers don’t lead interesting lives? Test your knowledge of a few things you probably didn’t learn in Philosophy...
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    Philosophy & Religion
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    Philosophy & Religion Subcategories

    Romulus and Remus suckling their wolf foster mother Ancient Religions & Mythology
    What did our ancestors believe in? What myths and stories did they use to explain the world around them and find meaning in it? How have their beliefs influenced modern religion and spirituality? Explore these questions and more while discovering notable traditions, figures, and legends that figured prominently in ancient religion and mythology.
    subcategory placeholder Ethical Issues
    What moral precepts guide us through tricky situations that may arise in relation to friendships, family, communities, and the work environment? Right and wrong are not always defined in the same way across different cultures.
    Roger Bacon Humanities
    The study of humankind with an appreciation of human values and the unique ability of the human spirit to express itself.
    Voltaire Philosophers
    Here you'll find the thinkers and theorists who have expressed their own ideas about such topics as the nature of humankind's relationship with the metaphysical world, the definitions of truth and knowledge, and the conditions of existence. From ancient Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle to later notable philosophers such as René Descartes and Immanuel Kant, philosophy's great thinkers have approached sensitive ethical and existential issues from a variety of different angles. Their ideas have influenced the way we look at our world and the way we relate to one another as human beings.
    Cicero Philosophical Issues
    Are you ready to delve into the myriad possible answers to such complex questions as "What makes an action virtuous?" or "What is the nature of consciousness?" Do you embrace weighty topics such as the relative merits of empiricism and rationalism? An inquisitive spirit is all but a prerequisite for many of the topics listed here, which deal with the different approaches to and ideas about the big questions of life.
    Abu Darweesh Mosque Religious Beliefs
    Our religious beliefs, such as they are, can affect our lifestyle, our perceptions, and the manner in which we relate to fellow human beings. Is there a higher power (or powers) that governs the universe and judges all of us? Can committing a mortal sin mean the death of a soul, or is there a chance for forgiveness? The answers to such questions differ widely across different religions.
    Martin Luther Religious Personages & Scholars
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    St. Bernadette of Lourdes Religious Places
    Human beings tend to relate to their religious beliefs through symbolism. Religious and sacred places—common destinations for pilgrims—represent a physical connection that helps believers express their devotion.
    Mahalia Jackson Sacred Art & Music
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
    Chapter 49 of the Isaiah Scroll Scriptures
    Sacred scriptures of all religions, viewed as the word of God or inspired by God, have influenced the moral and ethical standards of countries, peoples, and religious groups. Their interpretation has always been a subject of discussion and, at times, controversy.
    Charles Sprague Pearce: Religion Spirituality
    This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.